Guide:Setup Squid as a HTTP proxy on your VPS to browse blocked web sites!
I have tried many proxy methods such as D switch on SSH,web based proxies,VPN and all the methods are slow than average browsing because encryption etc.
But I have tried setting up squid to test and I have experienced it gives that same speed like without any proxy. ( also you need to have a good VPS or dedi to get the speed)
And now I dont need to consider going back to no proxy because squid delivers content to my PC as fast as no proxy.
So here is my guide to setup squid on ubuntu or debian vps for you. You can even run it on 64MB RAM VPS but needs good connection to get no-proxy speeds from it!
What you will need-
* A VPS or dedicated server with minimum ram of 64MB (64MB of ram will be enough because squid doesn’t eat much ram)
* Debian or Ubuntu installed on your server
* NANO text editor installed on your server ( run “apt-get install nano” to install it if you dont have it already)
Install squid on your ubuntu or debian server, issue this command over SSH
apt-get install squid
Then squid is successfully installed and you need to setup squid to access internet because its currently set only for localhost
squid’s config file is huge so we need to find some lines using nano on squid config file.
Issue this commands to open squid config file with NANO text editor.
squid config Setup Squid as a HTTP proxy to browse blocked web sites!
On there we need to add 2 lines to configure this for our personal use.
You can add then on top of the page. those 2 lines are
http_access allow all
http_access allow localnet
Here is the squid.conf file after adding that 2 lines
squid modified conf Setup Squid as a HTTP proxy to browse blocked web sites!
So that’s it on server side. Restart squid to load our configuration.
Like I said previously on this guide I’m not focused on setting up security for squid like adding ACL (Access Control Lists) to prevent other users using your proxy etc.
But this is 1000 times better than setting up a php web based proxy to browse the web.
While server side setup complete we need to setup our web browsers to use our proxy. I think you are probably using firefox to browse the web so here is the configuration for firefox for other programs you can use the same.
On firefox navigate to Tools=>Options=>Advanced=>Network=>Settings=>Manual Proxy Configuration
On that page enter your IP address that squid is installed and port as 3128 because we didn’t changed the default squid port. Also click the checkbox “Use this proxy server for all protocols”
firefox settings Setup Squid as a HTTP proxy to browse blocked web sites!
Thats it! icon smile Setup Squid as a HTTP proxy to browse blocked web sites!
* We didn’t setup Access Control Lists so any one who knows your squid server ip address and port can use your proxy.
* When choosing a server for setting up squid for your use try to get a server which gives lowest ping times for your location which will help you to browse more fast.
Adding an access control list is only a couple more lines and definitely worth adding. All the vps hosts that I have had on here don't care if you run a SQUID proxy as long as it's not public. This said, your proxy will be found if it's running on the default port. There are people all day that scan massive ranges of ip's looking for proxies to do their dirty work with.
Now for the good stuff. To add to these diretions an ACL (access control list) we can do two things. Make an ACL that allows only shell users. AKA people that we (adduser joesmoe) to our vps, or use an ACL with a passwd file that is in the same directory as the squid.conf file. It took me a while to figure out but it's definitely worth it.
I like adding users via the passwd file because you don't have to give users access to your vps in order for them to use the proxy....YES, I know you can specifiy no shell access at the time of the user creation to get by this conundrum. But that is too much stuff to get into for this simple add on tutorial.
Ok so lets build on this previous tutorial.
To add system users with vps access to the proxy access add this to the top of your conf.
#Insert the below text into your config file
auth_param basic program /usr/lib/squid/pam_auth
auth_param basic children 5
auth_param basic realm Squid proxy-caching web server
auth_param basic credentialsttl 4 hours
acl password proxy_auth REQUIRED
http_access allow password
#Use the find command to locate port 3128 (CTRL + W) 3128
#Change port 3128 to something else
#Let's also add this
# This will stop your http proxy from forwarding your headers from your real IP.
# And finally deny all other access to this proxy except for vps shell users.
http_access deny all
#next save your new config ( CTRL + O ) , then ( CTRL + X )
#Now we have to stop squid and restart with the newly edited config file for changes to take place.
#Change your prompt to the PWD /etc/squid/
squid -k shutdown
#9 Now set your browser to use your newly designated port.
# When your done load a new webpage and you should get a prompt for a user name and password. BAM. Enter your credentials and you're on your way.
If your like me and you don't want your proxy users to have access to your vps, then make a simple access file in your /etc/squid/ directory called users_passwd.
Follow the Step by step below to have squid use this file instead of PAM to authenticate your users.
type any character press backspace and save an empty file.
#add this to the top of your config file
# Custom commands
#turn off http headers being forwarded
#As you can see below, the proxy will authenticate your users
#with ncsa auth using the file we just made called users_passwd
#located in the /etc/squid/ directory.
auth_param basic program /usr/lib/squid/ncsa_auth /etc/squid/users_passwd
#now we are going to have to make the proxy autheicate your users. Add this next line below the previous.
# Add this last line to protect your proxy
# And finally deny all other access to this proxy
http_access deny all
# If you want to change the port as above just search for 3128 (ctrl + w).
#Change port 3128 to something else
#http_port 9988 or whatever you want
# Now save your newly modifies config file. ( CTRL + O )
# Exit nano (ctrl + x)
#shutdown squid from PWD (/etc/squid) squid -k shutdown
#now we are going to make our first new user to go in our #users_passwd file located /etc/squid/users_passwd. To do this we are going to use the htpasswd program that comes with apache2
#If you have apache2 installed great if not you need to get htpasswd from somewhere.
# Let's generate our first user.
htpasswd /etc/squid/users_passwd your-first-user-name-here
#Enter the password you want for your-first-user-name-here
#verify that the user was added to the users file.
# You should see your first username: followed by an encrypted password.
# Now exit out of nano and let's start up squid to test your first user name.
# From the PWD /etc/squid/
# Now open a web browser with your custom port and Ip set in the proxy configuration options. If you did this right, you should be prompted for a username and password. Enter what you made a few minutes ago for the username and the password you chose. If you did it all correctly you should see your web page come up.
Hope this helps anyone who was having difficulty setting this program up. I know I struggled when I initally installed this program until I got it simplified. Let me know if anyone needs any help setting this up and I will try to assist you.
Last edited by mattdahack; 01-06-2011 at 11:50 PM.
Reason: Mispelled command
Thanks for the follow up . But its easy if we just add ACL for ip range block! Allowing only our subnet (for users who have dynamic ip) or limiting access only for our ip (users who got dedicated ip from ISP)
Quick question on this. I am going to be setting up a Squid proxy for my personal use this next week or so. This tutorial is just what I was looking for. But one thing, what do I need to add to limit day and time for a user, well better yet for a group and assign users to a group if possible?
I need to have two groups for my small set of users, one is mon-fri, 8AM-5PM and the other group is only Sat 8-5.
Thanks for any help you can give me. I tried the Squid wiki but man is it a mess to understand.
So you want to know how you can allow some clients to use the cache at specific times?
Let's say you have two users that should only be allowed access to the Internet during working hours (8:30 - 17:30). You can use something like this:
acl RESTRICTIONS USER1 # Replace with proxy username
acl WORKING time MTWHF 08:30-17:30 # Times to allow access in 24hour format
http_access allow RESTRICTIONS WORKING
http_access deny RESTRICTIONS
acl WORK_TIME time MTWHF 08:30-17:30 # Time allowed access in 24hour format
http_access allow ncsa_restricted_time_users WORK_TIME
http_access deny ncsa_restricted_time_users
acl ncsa_restricted_time_users proxy_auth REQUIRED
http_access allow ncsa_restricted_time_users
http_access deny all
Then make a new user file and put the people in it you want restricted
to the above specified times. Call the file 'ncsa_restricted_time_users'
without the quotes and put it in the same directory as the config file
to generate a new restricted user in your new file use the following command
htpasswd /etc/squid/ncsa_restricted_time_users user1